[1]彭建,蔡运龙,王尚彦,等.喀斯特石林发育的土壤学视角[J].水土保持研究,2005,12(04):49-52.
 PENG Jian,CAI Yun-long,WANG Shang-yan,et al.Study on the Role of Soil in Stone Forest Development[J].,2005,12(04):49-52.
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喀斯特石林发育的土壤学视角()
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《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
12卷
期数:
2005年04期
页码:
49-52
栏目:
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Study on the Role of Soil in Stone Forest Development
作者:
彭建1 蔡运龙1 王尚彦2 戴传固2
1. 北京大学环境学院资源环境与地理学系, 北京, 100871;
2. 贵州地质调查院, 贵阳, 550004
Author(s):
PENG Jian1 CAI Yun-long1 WANG Shang-yan2 DAI Chuan-gu2
1. Department of Resource and Environmental Geography, Environmental School, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
2. Guizhou Academy of Geological Survey, Guiyang 550004, China
关键词:
土壤石林喀斯特土下溶蚀土壤侵蚀
Keywords:
soilstone forestkarstsub-soil dissolutionsoil erosion
分类号:
P642.25
摘要:
在对云南路南石林的实地研究基础之上,结合前人的研究成果,文章对喀斯特地区的成土过程和土壤侵蚀对石林发育的影响进行了探讨。研究表明,土壤是石林向深性发育的原动力。土壤CO2和土壤水组合形成的土下强溶蚀带的存在使得石林通过土下溶蚀不断增长拔高,但溶蚀下限一般在土下10m以内。表土的剥蚀使土壤趋于减少,一旦其速率大大快于成土速率,将导致土壤变薄,石林的向深性发育也将因此而停滞并走向消亡。
Abstract:
Based on the field investigation on the stone forests in Yunnan, and integrated with achievements of other researchers, the influence of soil formation and erosion in karst areas on the evolution of stone forest are discussed.The results show that soil is the fundamental driving force in vertical development of stone forest.An intensive sub-soil dissolution zone, brought about by the harmonious working of soil CO2 and soil water, makes stone forest higher and higher, and the bottom line for the zone lies in around 10 m below ground surface.Soil erosion takes away soil matters, and once soil denudation rate goes beyond its formation rate, soil would become thinner and thinner, as a result, stone forest would disappear over time without soil cover.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2005-4-26
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(40335046);教育部高等学校博士学科点专项基金(20040001038)
作者简介:彭建(1975- ),男,在读博士生,主要从事喀斯特地区土地利用方面的研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01