[1]周晗,严俊霞,李洪建,等.晋西黄土区坡耕地不同下垫面水土流失对侵蚀性降雨的响应[J].水土保持研究,2019,26(04):7-12.
 ZHOU Han,YAN Junxia,LI Hongjian,et al.Response of Soil and Water Loss on Different Underlying Surfaces of Sloping Farmland to Erosive Rainfall in the Loess Area of Western Shanxi Province[J].,2019,26(04):7-12.
点击复制

晋西黄土区坡耕地不同下垫面水土流失对侵蚀性降雨的响应()
分享到:

《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
26卷
期数:
2019年04期
页码:
7-12
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-06-11

文章信息/Info

Title:
Response of Soil and Water Loss on Different Underlying Surfaces of Sloping Farmland to Erosive Rainfall in the Loess Area of Western Shanxi Province
作者:
周晗12 严俊霞1 李洪建1 王小云2
1. 山西大学 黄土高原研究所, 太原 030006;
2. 山西省水土保持科学研究所, 太原 030045
Author(s):
ZHOU Han12 YAN Junxia1 LI Hongjian1 WANG Xiaoyun2
1. Institute of Loess Plateau, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China;
2. Shanxi Institute of Soil and Water Conversation Science, Taiyuan 030045, China
关键词:
坡耕地下垫面产流产沙入渗率
Keywords:
sloping farmlandunderlying surfacerunoff and sediment productioninfiltration rate
分类号:
S157.1
摘要:
为了揭示晋西黄土区不同类型坡耕地的产流、产沙及入渗规律,以4种下垫面(玉米、马铃薯、弃耕地、裸地)径流小区为研究对象,采用水量平衡的方法,分析了降雨因子对地表径流深、泥沙流失量和入渗率的影响。不同下垫面径流小区的径流深、泥沙流失量从小到大依次表现为玉米地 < 马铃薯地 < 弃耕地 < 裸地,入渗率则反之。与玉米地相比,马铃薯地、弃耕地和裸地的径流深增加了58.95%,146.85%,261.48%;泥沙流失量增加了50.45%,94.98%,240.06%;入渗率下降了5.68%,14.25%,25.36%。玉米地、马铃薯地、裸地径流深与I10I30P×I10P×I30呈较好的幂函数关系,弃耕地径流深与之呈较好的一次函数关系,泥沙流失量也表现出相似趋势。入渗率随雨强增大呈减小趋势。与马铃薯地、弃耕地和裸地相比,玉米地在不同程度上有减流减沙、增加入渗的特性。
Abstract:
In order to investigate characteristics of runoff, sediment and infiltration of sloping farmlands under different land uses in the loess area of western Shanxi, four underlying surfaces (maize, potato, abandoned farmland, bare land) were used as research objects in runoff plot experiment. Water balance methods were used to analyze the relationship between rainfall and runoff depth, sediment loss and infiltration rate. The runoff depth and sediment loss for the four underlying surface plots increased in the order: maize < potato < abandoned farmland < bare land, but the order for the infiltration rate was on the contrary. The runoff depths in potato, abandoned farmland, and bare land plots increased by 58.95%, 146.85%, and 261.48%, respectively, compared with that in the maize plot, and the losses of sediments increased by 50.45%, 94.98%, and 240.06%, respectively, and the infiltration rates decreased by 5.68%, 14.25% and 25.36%, respectively. A significant power function relationship between runoff depth and I10, I30, P×I10, P×I30 in maize, potato land and bare ground was found, but a linear function between runoff depth and these parameters in abandoned farmland existed. A similar trend as above was also found for amount of sediment loss. The infiltration rate decreased with the increase of rain intensity. Compared with potato, the characteristics of reducing runoff and sediment and increasing infiltration to a certain degree were observed in abandoned farmland and bare land, maize fields.

参考文献/References:

[1] Chen H, Shao M, Li Y. Soil Desiccation in the Loess Plateau of China[J]. Geoderma, 2008,143(1):91-100.
[2] Chen L, Wei W, Fu B, et al. Soil and Water Conservation on the Loess Plateau in China:Review and Perspective[J]. Progress in Physical Geography, 2007,31(4):3547-3554.
[3] 申震洲,刘普灵,谢永生,等.不同下垫面径流小区土壤水蚀特征试验研究[J].水土保持通报,2006,26(3):6-9.
[4] 赵鹏宇.黄土丘陵区草、灌地不同经营方式下的降雨-入渗-产流研究[D].陕西杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2009.
[5] 马波,刘雨鑫,吴发启.植大豆对坡耕地径流侵蚀产沙的影响[J].水土保持学报,2012,26(4):32-36.
[6] 刘志明.马铃薯对坡面土壤侵蚀的影响研究[D].山西晋中:山西农业大学,2013.
[7] 吴佳,王林华,李占斌,等.黄土高原主要秋作物坡地降雨入渗特征参数研究[J].水土保持学报,2014,28(6):115-119.
[8] 张旭昇,薛天柱,马灿,等.雨强和植被覆盖度对典型坡面产流产沙的影响[J].干旱区资源与环境,2012,26(6):66-70.
[9] 罗利芳,张科利,李双才.撂荒后黄土高原坡耕地土壤透水性和抗冲性的变化[J].地理科学,2003,23(6):728-733.
[10] 李华林,高华端,杨涛,等.凯掌喀斯特小流域不同植被措施的减沙功能[J].浙江农林大学学报,2017,34(4):687-694.
[11] 李瑞,李勇,熊康宁,等.黔中喀斯特区典型土地利用方式及耕作措施的水土流失调控效应[J].水土保持通报,2017,37(6):136-140.
[12] 覃莉,刘凤仙,杨智.喀斯特地区不同坡度径流小区水土流失特征分析[J].中国水土保持,2015(8):63-65.
[13] 李月,周运超,白晓永,等.径流小区法监测水土流失的百年历程(1915-2014年)[J].中国水土保持,2014(12):63-66.
[14] 闫胜军,郭青霞,闫瑞,等.不同土地利用类型下水土流失特征及雨强关系分析[J].水土保持学报,2015,29(2):45-49.
[15] 江忠善,刘志,贾志伟.地形因素与坡地水土流失关系的研究[J].水土保持研究,1990(2):1-8.
[16] 刘栋,刘普灵,邓瑞芬,等.不同下垫面径流小区次降雨侵蚀特征相关分析[J].水土保持通报,2011,31(2):99-102.
[17] 肖继兵,孙占祥,刘志,等.降雨侵蚀因子和植被类型及覆盖度对坡耕地土壤侵蚀的影响[J].农业工程学报,2017,33(22):159-166.
[18] 孙家振.不同植被坡面土壤侵蚀特性研究[D].合肥:安徽农业大学,2011.
[19] 傅伯杰.黄土丘陵沟壑区土地利用结构与生态过程[M].北京:商务印书馆,2002.
[20] 陈洪松,邵明安,张兴昌,等.野外模拟降雨条件下坡面降雨入渗、产流试验研究[J].水土保持学报,2005,19(2):5-8.
[21] Steiner J L, Kanemasu E T, Clark R N. Spray losses and partitioning of water under center pivot sprinkler system[J]. Transactions of the Asae, 1982,26(4):1128-1134.
[22] Saffigna P G, Tanner C B, Keeney D R. Non-Uniform Infiltration Under Potato Canopies Caused by Interception, Stemflow, and Hilling1[J]. Agronomy Journal, 1976,68(2):337-342.
[23] 朱连奇,许叔明,陈沛云.山区土地利用/覆被变化对土壤侵蚀的影响[J].地理研究,2003,22(4):432-438.
[24] 于国强,李占斌,李鹏,等.不同植被类型的坡面径流侵蚀产沙试验研究[J].水科学进展,2010,21(5):593-599.
[25] 卢龙彬,付强,黄金柏.黄土高原北部水蚀风蚀交错区产流条件及径流系数[J].水土保持研究,2013,20(4):17-23.
[26] 李广,黄高宝.雨强和土地利用方式对黄土丘陵区水土流失的影响[J].农业工程学报,2009,25(11):85-90.
[27] 张思毅,梁志权,谢真越,等.植被调控红壤坡面土壤侵蚀机理[J].水土保持学报,2016,30(3):1-5.
[28] Busscher W J. Simulation of Infitration from a Continuous and an Intermittent Subsurface Source[J]. Soil Science, 1979,128(1):49-55.
[29] 寇馨月,黄俊,姜学兵,等.不同下垫面径流小区次降雨对产流产沙的影响[J].水土保持通报,2017,37(2):27-31.

相似文献/References:

[1]宋玥,张忠学.不同耕作措施对黑土坡耕地土壤侵蚀的影响[J].水土保持研究,2011,18(02):14.
 SONG Yue,ZHANG Zhong-xue.The Effect of Different Tillage Measures on Soil Erosion in Slope Farmland in Black Soil Region[J].,2011,18(04):14.
[2]康万利,揭雨成,邢虎成.南方坡耕地种植苎麻水土保持效果和经济效益研究[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(03):86.
 KANG Wan-li,JIE Yu-cheng,XING Hu-cheng.Study of Soil-Water Conservation Effects and Economic Benefit of Ramie in South Slope Crop Land[J].,2012,19(04):86.
[3]吴素业.皖西南山区坡耕地水土流失防治措施[J].水土保持研究,1996,3(04):38.
 Wu Suye.The Control Practice of Water and Soil Loss in Hillside Fields of Southwestern Mountain Area of Anhui Province[J].,1996,3(04):38.
[4]林永知.丘陵地区坡耕地水土流失动态监测分析[J].水土保持研究,1997,4(01):120.
 Lin Yongzhi.Analysis on the Dynamic Monitoring of Soil and Water Loss of Slope Farmland in Hilly Area[J].,1997,4(04):120.
[5]高岚,王振颖.辽宁省坡耕地资源普查及成果分析[J].水土保持研究,1997,4(04):44.
 Gao Lan,Wang Zhenying.General Survey of Hillyland Resources and Result Analysis in Liaoning Province[J].,1997,4(04):44.
[6]孙景华,杨玉阁,张本家,等.辽北低山丘陵区坡耕地水土流失规律研究[J].水土保持研究,1997,4(04):65.
 Sun Jinghua,Yang Yuge,Zhang Benjia,et al.Hilly Field Erosion Regulation in Low Mountain Region of Northern Liaoning[J].,1997,4(04):65.
[7]庞小明.坡耕地地膜小麦栽培技术研究初报[J].水土保持研究,1998,5(04):62.
 Pang Xiaoming.The Culture Technology of Plastic Film Wheat in Slope Field[J].,1998,5(04):62.
[8]彭珂珊.黄土高原水土流失区退耕还林(草)的基本思路[J].水土保持研究,2000,7(02):164.
 PENG Keshan.Thinking for Returning the Grain Plots to Forest and Grass Lands in Soil and Water Loess Areas on Loss Plateau[J].,2000,7(04):164.
[9]李凤,张如良.坡耕地实行保土耕作的效益试验分析[J].水土保持研究,2000,7(03):184.
 LI Feng,ZHANG Ru-liang.Experiment Analysis on Cultivation by Conserving Soil in Sloping Fields[J].,2000,7(04):184.
[10]张永涛,王洪刚,李增印,等.坡改梯的水土保持效益研究[J].水土保持研究,2001,8(03):9.
 ZHANG Yong-tao,WANG Hong-gang,LI Zeng-yin,et al.Soil and Water Conservation Benefits of Terracing on the Slope[J].,2001,8(04):9.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-06-28;改回日期:2018-12-06。
基金项目:山西省水利厅项目“不同坡度坡耕地氮素流失特征及对河流水质影响的研究”(201629);山西省水利厅项目“黄土丘陵沟壑区坡面土壤侵蚀动态模型研究”(2017SB03)
作者简介:周晗(1989-),女,山西文水人,硕士研究生,研究方向为区域生态学。E-mail:zhouhan890518@163.com
通讯作者:严俊霞(1976-),女,山西洪洞人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要从事生态系统碳水循环研究。E-mail:yjx422@sxu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01