[1]李瑞,王霖娇,盛茂银,等.喀斯特石漠化演替中植物多样性及其与土壤理化性质的关系[J].水土保持研究,2016,23(05):111-119.
 LI Rui,WANG Linjiao,SHENG Maoyin,et al.Plant Species Diversity and Its Relationship with Soil Properties in Karst Rocky Desertification Succession[J].,2016,23(05):111-119.
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喀斯特石漠化演替中植物多样性及其与土壤理化性质的关系()
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《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
23卷
期数:
2016年05期
页码:
111-119
栏目:
出版日期:
2016-10-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Plant Species Diversity and Its Relationship with Soil Properties in Karst Rocky Desertification Succession
作者:
李瑞12 王霖娇14 盛茂银134 郭杰14
1. 贵州师范大学 喀斯特研究院, 贵阳 550001;
2. 贵州省水土保持监测站, 贵阳 550002;
3. 国家喀斯特石漠化治理 工程技术研究中心, 贵阳 550001;
4. 贵州省喀斯特山地生态环境国家重点实验室培育基地, 贵阳 550001
Author(s):
LI Rui12 WANG Linjiao14 SHENG Maoyin134 GUO Jie14
1. Karst Research Institute, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China;
2. Guizhou Provincial Monitoring Station of Soil and Water Conservation, Guiyang 550002, China;
3. National Engineering Research Center for Karst Rocky Desertification Control, Guiyang 550001, China;
4. State Key Laboratory Incubation Base for Karst Mountain Ecology Environment of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550001, China
关键词:
喀斯特石漠化植物多样性土壤理化性质演替
Keywords:
karstrocky desertificationplant diversitysoil physical and chemical propertiessuccession
分类号:
Q948;S153
摘要:
为探明西南喀斯特石漠化演替过程中植物多样性演变规律、土壤理化性质的变化趋势以及土壤理化性质对植物多样性演变的影响,选取西南典型石漠化区贵州黔西县猴场为研究区,采用野外样方调查和室内试验分析方法,运用方差分析、多重比较、相关性分析等数理统计手段,研究了喀斯特石漠化不同演替阶段植物群落物种多样性、土壤理化特性以及二者的内在关系。结果显示:石漠化环境植被物种组成简单,植物多样性的4种指数均偏低,均匀度指数、多样性指数变化与石漠化等级演替有明显耦合关系;土壤理化性质在不同等级石漠化环境土壤中也具有显著差异,且随着石漠化等级的增加呈现先退化后逐渐改善的演变趋势;喀斯特石漠化土壤理化性质与植物多样性指数具有明显的相关性,喀斯特石漠化环境土壤理化性质的变化极易影响植物多样性的特征。研究结果对我国西南喀斯特森林生态保护和石漠化生态系统恢复重建具有明显的理论意义和实践指导价值。
Abstract:
The objectives of the study were to explore the transformation law of plant species diversity and soil physical and chemical properties and their relationship in the karst rocky desertification ecosystem of Southwest China. The representative karst rocky desertification ecosystem, that is, Houchang at Qianxi County of Guizhou Province, was selected as experiment site. Based on the field investigation and laboratory analysis, the plant diversity, soil physical and chemical properties and their correlativity in the succession of karst rocky desertification were studied by the method of ANOVA, multiple comparisons, correlation analysis, and so on. Results show that the vegetation of karst rocky desertification ecosystem is very simple, the four indexes of plant diversity all are low, and the evenness and diversity indexes are significantly related with the succession of rocky desertification. There are significant differences of soil physical and chemical properties between different degrees of rocky desertification ecosystem, and with the increased degree of rocky desertification, most of soil physical and chemical factors decreased firstly and then increased. Soil physical and chemical properties are obviously related with plant diversity indexes. The change of soil physical and chemical properties can remarkably influence the characteristics of plant diversity in karst rocky desertification ecosystem. The results have important values for the protection of karst forest ecosystem and the control of rocky desertification.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2015-10-13;改回日期:2015-10-23。
基金项目:贵州省社会发展攻关计划课题(黔科合SY字[2014]3036号);国家水利部公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201401050);贵州省水利科技经费项目(KT201409);国家十二五科技支撑计划重大课题(2011BAC09B01);贵州师范大学博士科研启动基金(2012)
作者简介:李瑞(1979-),男,贵州盘县人,博士,研究员,主要从事水土保持研究。E-mail:245543287@qq.com
通讯作者:盛茂银(1980-),男,安徽和县人,博士,教授,主要从事喀斯特石漠化治理研究。E-mail:shmoy@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01