[1]唐光木,何红,杨金钰,等.灌溉定额对膜下滴灌玉米生理性状及产量的影响[J].水土保持研究,2014,21(03):293-297.
 TANG Guang-mu,HE Hong,YANG Jin-yu,et al.Effect of Irrigation Quota on Physiological Characteristic and Yield in Drip Irrigation under Mulch of Maize[J].,2014,21(03):293-297.
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灌溉定额对膜下滴灌玉米生理性状及产量的影响()
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《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
21卷
期数:
2014年03期
页码:
293-297
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-06-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of Irrigation Quota on Physiological Characteristic and Yield in Drip Irrigation under Mulch of Maize
作者:
唐光木1 何红2 杨金钰1 徐万里1
1. 新疆农业科学院 土壤肥料与农业节水研究所/绿洲养分与水土资源高效利用重点实验室, 乌鲁木齐 830091;
2. 国家棉花工程技术研究中心, 乌鲁木齐 830091
Author(s):
TANG Guang-mu1 HE Hong2 YANG Jin-yu1 XU Wan-li1
1. Institute of Soil and Fertilizer and Agricultural Sparing Water, Key Laboratory of Oasis Nutrient and Efficient Utilization of Water and Soil Resources, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi 830091, China;
2. National Engineering Techanical Research Center of Cotton, Urumqi 830091, China
关键词:
灌溉膜下滴灌生理性状产量
Keywords:
irrigationdrip irrigation under mulchphysiological charactersyield
分类号:
S274.1;S513
摘要:
通过不同灌溉定额对膜下滴灌套播玉米生理性状及产量指标影响的研究,为套播玉米膜下滴灌栽培技术的应用和推广提供科学依据。在田间试验条件下,设置不同灌溉定额处理3 000 m3/hm2(D1),4 500 m3/hm2(D2),5 250 m3/hm2(D3),6 000 m3/hm2(D4)和6 750 m3/hm2(D5)和常规地面灌(CK)处理,采用随机区组试验设计,研究不同灌溉定额对套播玉米生理性状和产量指标的影响。不同灌溉定额下套播玉米茎粗、株高、叶面积和SPAD值随灌溉定额的增加而增大,表现出D5 > D4 > D3 > D2 > D1,玉米整个生育期高灌溉定额(D5)比低灌溉定额(D1)分别平均提高21.74%,17.36%,18.73%,18.50%;产量及产量构成在一定灌溉定额下(3 000~6 000 m3/hm2)随灌溉定额的增加而增大,超过一定的灌溉定额(> 6 000 m3/hm2)对玉米的产量及产量构成无显著提高。膜下滴灌条件下,南疆套播玉米灌溉定额在5 250~6 000 m3/hm2内比较合适。
Abstract:
A study on physiological characters and yield index of maize by the different irrigation quota in drip irrigation under mulch was conducted in order to provide scientific basis for application and popularization of drip irrigation under film in maize. The effect of different irrigation quota [3 000 m3/hm2 (D1), 4 500 m3/hm2 (D2), 5 250 m3/hm2 (D3), 6 000 m3/hm2 (D4), 6 750 m3/hm2 (D5)] and routing irrigation (CK) on the physiological characters and yield index were studied by random block experiments in the field experiment. In different irrigation quota, stem diameter, height, leaf area and SPAD of maize increased with irrigation quota, as showed that D5 > D4 > D3 > D2 > D1, and high irrigation quota increases by 21.74%, 17.36%, 18.73% and 18.50% averagely than low in the whole growth period of maize. Yield and yield component of maize increased with irrigation quota in the certain irrigation quota (3 000~6 000 m3/hm2),but it insignificantly increased over 6 000 m3/hm2. In the drip irrigation under mulch, it was an appropriate irrigation quota in the range from 5 250 to 6 000 m3/hm2 of interplanting corn in the southern region of Xinjiang.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-10-08;改回日期:2013-10-25。
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目(2009BADA4B03);新疆农业科学院重点实验室建设项目(xjnkkl-2013-001)
作者简介:唐光木(1983-),男,河南郏县人,助理研究员,硕士研究生,研究方向为农田生态及碳氮循环。E-mail:tangjunhui5120@126.com
通讯作者:徐万里(1971-),男,陕西凤翔人,研究员,博士研究生,研究方向为土壤培肥与改良。E-mail:wlxu2005@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01