[1]高琛,鲁绍伟,杨新兵,等.北京松山不同密度丁香天然林枯落物及土壤水文效应[J].水土保持研究,2013,20(06):59-65.
 GAO Chen,LU Shao-wei,YANG Xin-bing,et al.Hydrological Effects of Forest Litters and Soil of Natural Syzygium aromaticum Forests with Different Densities in Songshan Mountain of Beijing[J].,2013,20(06):59-65.
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北京松山不同密度丁香天然林枯落物及土壤水文效应()
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《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
20卷
期数:
2013年06期
页码:
59-65
栏目:
出版日期:
2013-12-28

文章信息/Info

Title:
Hydrological Effects of Forest Litters and Soil of Natural Syzygium aromaticum Forests with Different Densities in Songshan Mountain of Beijing
作者:
高琛1 鲁绍伟2 杨新兵1 陈波1 潘青华2 李少宁2 张玉平2
1. 河北农业大学 林学院 河北省林木种质资源与森林保护重点实验室, 河北 保定 071000;
2. 北京市农林科学院 林业果树研究所, 北京 100093
Author(s):
GAO Chen1 LU Shao-wei2 YANG Xin-bing1 CHEN Bo1 PAN Qing-hua2 LI Shao-ning2 ZHANG Yu-ping2
1. Key Lab of Genetic Resources of Forest and Forest Protection of Hebei Provience, Forestry Department, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, Heibei 071000, China;
2. Forestry and Penology Institute, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
关键词:
水文效应丁香密度枯落物北京松山
Keywords:
hydrological effectSyzygium aromaticumdensitylittersSongshan mountain of Beijing
分类号:
S715.7
摘要:
以北京松山5个不同密度(784,1 024,1 210,1 616,1 872株/hm2)的丁香(Syzygium aromaticum)天然林为对象,对其枯落物层及土壤层水文效应进行研究。结果表明:枯落物总蓄积量、最大持水率、最大持水量随丁香天然林密度的升高而增大。枯落物的总储量在13.19~31.66 t/hm2之间;有效拦蓄能力在32.71~79.77 t/hm2之间;枯落物最大持水量在50.76~119.29 t/hm2之间,与浸泡时间呈明显的对数关系(R > 0.86);枯落物最大持水率为385.72%~507.16%,枯落物吸水速率与浸泡时间呈明显的幂函数关系(R > 0.99);同一密度土壤容重随土层深度的增加而增大,总孔隙度随密度的升高先增大后减小。初渗速率在37.50~54.55 mm/min之间,入渗速率与入渗时间存在较好的幂函数关系(R > 0.99)。中密度丁香天然林水源涵养功能较强。
Abstract:
A preliminary study on hydrological effects of litter layer and soil layer in natural Syzygium aromaticum forests was carried out in the five different densities (784, 1 024, 1 210, 1 616, 1 872 per/hm2)in Songshan mountain of Beijing. The results showed that the total storage capacity, the maximum water holding rate of litter and the maximum water holding capacity increased with the increase of density; the total storage capacity of litter was about 13.19~31.66 t/hm2, the modified interception capacity of litter was about 32.71~79.77 t/hm2; the maximum water holding capacity of litter was about 50.76~119.29 t/hm2 and had significant logarithmic correlation with immersion time(R > 0.86); the maximum water holding rate of litter was about 385.72%~507.16% and had power function relationship with immersion time(R > 0.99); the soil bulk density increased with the increase of depth of soil layer in the same density. The total soil porosity increased firstly and then decreased with the density. The initial infiltration rates of soil varied between 37.50 mm/min and 54.55 mm/min. The infiltration rate had power function correlation with infiltration fit time(R > 0.99). Syzygium aromaticum forest with medium density had stronger water conservation function.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-02-28;改回日期:2013-04-10。
基金项目:林业公益性行业科研专项“都市型自然保护区保护与适应关键技术研究”(201004053)
作者简介:高琛(1991-),男,甘肃靖远人,在读硕士,主要研究方向:水土保持。E-mail:pdsgc1991@163.com
通讯作者:杨新兵(1978-),男,河北涉县人,博士,副教授,主要从事水土保持、森林健康、生态水文等方面的研究。E-mail:hbyxb2008@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01