[1]程峥,姚志宏,张婧,等.南方红壤农作区数字流域建立和应用[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(03):12-15.
 CHENG Zheng,YAO Zhi-hong,ZHANG Jing,et al.Establishment and Application of Digital Watershed in the Red Earth Areas, Southern China[J].,2012,19(03):12-15.
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南方红壤农作区数字流域建立和应用()
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《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
19卷
期数:
2012年03期
页码:
12-15
栏目:
出版日期:
2099-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Establishment and Application of Digital Watershed in the Red Earth Areas, Southern China
作者:
程峥1 姚志宏2 张婧1 杨勤科1
1. 西北大学 城市与环境学院, 西安 710127;
2. 华北水利水电学院 资源与环境学院, 郑州 450011
Author(s):
CHENG Zheng1 YAO Zhi-hong2 ZHANG Jing1 YANG Qin-ke1
1. College of Urban and Resources, Northwest University, Xi’an 710127, China;
2. College of Resources and Environment, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011, China
关键词:
数字流域Hc-DEM地形因子土壤侵蚀
Keywords:
digital watershedHc-DEMterrain factorsoil erosion
分类号:
S127;S157
摘要:
数字流域是用数字化专题图形、图像、表格和相应的模型对流域各要素的数字表达,数字流域可为数字化流域管理与评价提供支持。以1:5万地形图和高分辨率(2.5 m)遥感影像为基础,利用数字地形分析、遥感解译和野外调查的方法,建立了南方红壤农作区典型治理区的数字流域,并对土壤侵蚀强度等级进行了划分。研究结果表明:(1)所建立的包含Hc-DEM、地形因子、土地利用、植被盖度和水土保持措施的数字流域能够反映研究区治理前后土地利用和水土保持措施的变化;(2)侵蚀强度等级以中到强度为主,治理前后轻度侵蚀增加比较明显、中度和强度侵蚀减少。该研究可为水土保持效益评价和流域管理提供支持。
Abstract:
Digital Watershed is a digital representation of watershed with digital thematic maps, remote sensing images, tables and corresponding models, which provides supports in the accurate management and evaluation of watershed. Through digital terrain analysis, remote sense interpretation and field investigation, the digital watershed in the red earth area of southern China is established, and soil erosion intensity is evaluated in terms of different grades in this study based on the topographical maps of 1:50000 and remote sensing images of 2.5 m. The results showed that: (1) integrating Hc-DEM, terrain factor, land use, vegetation cover and soil conservation, the established digital watershed could present the different patterns in land use and soil conservation between pre-and post-periods of soil conservation; (2) erosion intensity was mainly associated with moderate and strong erosion levels throughout the entire study period, while in the post-period, slight erosion increased dramatically and moderate as well as strong erosion presented the opposite trend. This study could be helpful for soil and water conservation benefit evaluation and watershed management.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2012-3-13;改回日期:2012-4-17。
基金项目:红壤侵蚀区坡面水土综合整治技术集成与示范(200901049)
作者简介:程峥(1986- ),河南内黄县人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为数字地形分析与GIS应用。E-mail:life.road@163.com
通讯作者:姚志宏(1970- ),安徽阜阳人,讲师,主要研究方向为区域土壤侵蚀定量评价。E-mail:yaozhihong@ncwu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01