[1]覃家科,殷兴华,吕仕洪,等.喀斯特生态重建果园土壤养分季节变化研究[J].水土保持研究,2010,17(06):101-105.
 QIN Jia-ke,YIN Xing-Hua,LÜ,et al.A Study of Seasonal Changes in Soil Nutrients of Ecological Restoration Orchards in Karst[J].,2010,17(06):101-105.
点击复制

喀斯特生态重建果园土壤养分季节变化研究()
分享到:

《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
17卷
期数:
2010年06期
页码:
101-105
栏目:
出版日期:
2099-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Study of Seasonal Changes in Soil Nutrients of Ecological Restoration Orchards in Karst
作者:
覃家科13 殷兴华23 吕仕洪3 杨承伶1
1. 广西林业勘测设计院, 南宁 530011;
2. 山东省蒙阴县环境保护局, 山东 临沂 276200;
3. 广西壮族自治区 中国科学院 广西植物研究所, 广西 桂林 541006
Author(s):
QIN Jia-ke13 YIN Xing-Hua23 LÜ Shi-Hong3 YANG Cheng-Ling1
1. Guangxi Forest Inventory & Planning Institute, Nanning 530011, China;
2. Environmental Protection Bureau of Mengyin County, Shandong Province, Linyi, Shandong 276200, China;
3. Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiling, Guangxi 541006, China
关键词:
喀斯特石漠化生态重建养分含量动态季节变化
Keywords:
Karstrocky desertificationecological restorationnutrient dynamicsseasonal change
分类号:
S158.3;S153.6
摘要:
在喀斯特生态重建示范区李果园、黄皮果园、火龙果园内设置样地,对其土壤中氮磷钾土壤养分含量和相关性分析研究,结果表明:果园中氮、磷、钾养分元素含量随着果树生长周期对营养吸收量不同而呈现季节性变化,土壤中氮磷钾含量空间垂直变化性变化明显,从土壤表层向下逐渐减少;在相关性方面,全氮和水解性氮相关性显著,全磷与有效磷相关性显著,全钾与有效钾不相关。9月示范区果园土壤氮的含量丰富,磷的含量处于相对平衡状态,而钾的含量严重不足。喀斯特石漠化区土层薄,水土保持能力差,养分不足、季节性差异大的环境特点制约了生态重建工作。根研究结果,建议在喀斯特石漠化区开展生态重建时,应对其土壤环境进行调查,针对不同立地类型实施土壤改良,选择适宜的物种栽植,遵循生态恢复规律,循序渐进地开展。
Abstract:
For sampling plots of plum, Chinese wampee and dagon orchards in the demonstration areas of Karst ecological restoration, soil nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and their relationships with these plots were analyzed. Results showed that there were seasonal variations in the contents of soil nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in orchards, depending on the difference in the nutrient uptakes during the growth, and that those nutrients exhibit obviously vertical changes in space, being decreased with increasing soil depth. The significant correlationship could be found between the contents of total nitrogen and hydrolyzed nitrogen, as also is the case with total phosphorous and available phosphorus. However, total K and available K are not related. In September, orchard demonstration areas have rich soil nitrogen content, relatively balanced phosphorus content, but are very short of potassium. In the Karst, the projects of ecological restoration are constrained by environmental characteristics of Karst rocky desertification area including thin soil layer, poor water-holding capacity, nutrient deficiencies and seasonal fluctuations. It is suggested that soil status must be surveyed during the ecological restoration in the Karst, associated with different soil improvement according to the standing types and that suitable plant species should be chosen, in a progressive way, followed by those principles of ecological restoration.

参考文献/References:

[1] 任海,彭少麟.恢复生态学导论[M].北京:科学出版社,2001.
[2] 黄钰铃,惠二青,李靖.西南喀斯特地区石漠化成因及防治初探[J].地质灾害与环境保护,2006,17(1):1-4.
[3] 覃家科,李先琨,吕仕洪,等.广西马山岩溶山地植被恢复过程的种类更替与小气候动态[J].广西科学,2005,12(2):146-151.
[4] 吕仕洪,陆树华,欧祖兰,等.桂西南石漠化山地土壤种子库的基本特征及植被恢复对策[J].植物资源与环境学报,2007,16(1):6-11.
[5] 欧祖兰,吕仕洪,陆树华,等.桂西南峰丛洼地退化植被土壤种子库的初步研究[J].广西植物,2006,26(6):643-649.
[6] 马文宝,薛建辉,卜晓莉,等.喀斯特山地森林群落土壤种子库研究综述[J].生态学杂志,2009,28(12):2618-2623.
[7] 李先琨,何成新.西部开发与热带亚热带岩溶脆弱生态系统恢复重建[J].农业系统科学与综合研究,2002(1):13-16.
[8] 赵中秋,后立胜,蔡运龙.西南喀斯特地区土壤退化过程与机理探讨[J].地学前缘,2006,13(3):185-189.
[9] 张伟,陈洪松,王克林,等.喀斯特峰丛洼地土壤养分空间分异特征及影响因子分析[J].中国农业科学,2006,39(9):1828-1835.
[10] 姚长宏,杨桂芳,蒋忠诚,等.岩溶地区生态系统养分平衡研究[J].中国岩溶,2001,20(1):41-45.
[11] 吴士章,朱文孝,苏维词,等.喀斯特地区土壤侵蚀及养分流失定位试验研究:以贵阳市修文县久长镇为例[J].中国岩溶,2005,24(3):202-205.
[12] 涂成龙,林昌虎,何腾兵,等.石漠化地区生态恢复过程中土壤养分变异特征[J].水土保持通报,2004,24(6):22-25.
[13] 杨善朝,张军舰.SPSS统计软件应用基础[M].桂林:广西师大出版社,2001.
[14] 全国土壤普查办公室.中国土壤[M].北京:中国农业出版社,1998.
[15] 袁东海,王兆骞,郭新波,等.红壤小流域不同利用方式土壤钾素流失特征研究[J].水土保持通报,2003,23(3):16-20.
[16] 何腾兵.贵州喀斯特山区水土流失状况及农业建设途径[J].水土保持学报,2000,14(8):28-34.
[17] 王国梁.黄土丘陵区纸纺沟流域植被恢复的土壤养分效应[J].水土保持通报,2002,22(1):1-5.

相似文献/References:

[1]纪启芳,张兴奇,张科利,等.贵州省喀斯特地区坡面产流产沙特征[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(04):1.
 JI Qi-fang,ZHANG Xing-qi,ZHANG Ke-li,et al.Runoff and Sediment Characteristics of Slope Land in Karst Areas of Guizhou Province[J].,2012,19(06):1.
[2]陈昊,吴攀,刘沛,等.麻窝山小流域石漠化景观格局变化特征[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(04):239.
 CHEN Hao,WU Pan,LIU Pei,et al.Landscape Patterns of Rocky Desertification in the Mawoshan Karst Basin of Northwest Guizhou Province[J].,2012,19(06):239.
[3]王德光,胡宝清,饶映雪,等.基于网格法与ANN的县域喀斯特土地系统功能分区研究[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(02):131.
 WANG De-guang,HU Bao-qing,RAO Ying-xue,et al.Research on Functional Zoning of Karst Land System at County Regional Scale Based on the Methods of Lattice and ANN[J].,2012,19(06):131.
[4]何钢,蔡运龙,万军.生态重建模式的尺度视角—以我国西南喀斯特地区为例[J].水土保持研究,2003,10(03):83.
 HE Gang,CAI Yun-long,WAN Jun.Scale Perspective on Ecological Rehabilitation Model—Case Study in Karst Area of Southwest China[J].,2003,10(06):83.
[5]吴秀芹,蔡运龙,蒙吉军.喀斯特山区土壤侵蚀与土地利用关系研究——以贵州省关岭县石板桥流域为例[J].水土保持研究,2005,12(04):46.
 WU Xiu-qin,CAI Yun-long,MENG Ji-jun.Impacts of Land Use on Soil Erosion in Karst Mountainous Area——A Case Study in Shibanqiao Catchment in Guanling county, Guizhou Province[J].,2005,12(06):46.
[6]彭建,蔡运龙,王尚彦,等.喀斯特石林发育的土壤学视角[J].水土保持研究,2005,12(04):49.
 PENG Jian,CAI Yun-long,WANG Shang-yan,et al.Study on the Role of Soil in Stone Forest Development[J].,2005,12(06):49.
[7]姜光辉,郭芳,袁道先.岩溶石漠化地区土地资源及其开发潜力——以云南木美地下河为例[J].水土保持研究,2005,12(05):214.
 JIANG Guang-hui,GUO Fang,YUAN Dao-xian.The Characteristic and Exploitation Potential of Land Resources in Karst Mountain Desertification Areas——A Case Study of Mumei Undergroud River[J].,2005,12(06):214.
[8]李宝荣,崔国发,王克勤.玉溪市南盘江流域石灰岩地区景观格局变化研究——以江川县路居片区小流域为例[J].水土保持研究,2006,13(01):227.
 LI Bao-rong,CUI Guo-fa,WANG Ke-qin.Study on the Landscape Change of a Karst Area in the Drainage Area of Nanpanjiang River in Yuxi——A Small Drainage Area of Luju District in Jiangchuan County as an Example[J].,2006,13(06):227.
[9]王金乐,林昌虎,何腾兵.贵州喀斯特山区石漠化生态环境背景与生态重建[J].水土保持研究,2006,13(05):148.
 WANG Jin-le,LIN Chang-hu,HE Teng-bing.Ecological Environment of Rocky Desertification and Ecological Rehabilitation Model in Karst Mountainous Area of Guizhou[J].,2006,13(06):148.
[10]王家嘉,林昌虎,何腾兵.人类活动对贵州喀斯特石漠化地区的影响[J].水土保持研究,2006,13(05):276.
 WANG Jia-jia,LIN Chang-hu,HE Teng-bing.Recognition of Human Activity in the Prevention and Control of Rocky Desertification Phenomena in Guizhou Karst Mountain Area[J].,2006,13(06):276.
[11]李永垚,熊康宁,罗娅.喀斯特石漠化综合治理工程科技贡献率测算研究进展[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(06):259.
 LI Yong-yao,XIONG Kang-ning,LUO Ya.Progress of Research on Measurement of Science and Technology Contribution Rate Concerning Karst Rocky Desertification Comprehensive Management Project[J].,2012,19(06):259.
[12]张茵,刘松.喀斯特石漠化山区生态重建研究——以贵州省罗甸县大关村为例[J].水土保持研究,2001,8(02):80.
 ZHANG Yin,LIU Song.Study on Ecological Rehabilitation in Karst Regions——The Case of Daguan Village[J].,2001,8(06):80.
[13]宋先花,蔡运龙.西南喀斯特石漠化地区生态建设产业化初探[J].水土保持研究,2003,10(03):87.
 SONG Xian-hua,CAI Yun-long.Industrialization of Ecological Construction in Karst Areas of Southwest China[J].,2003,10(06):87.
[14]张冬青,林昌虎,何腾兵.贵州喀斯特环境特征与石漠化的形成[J].水土保持研究,2006,13(01):220.
 ZHANG Dong-qing,LIN Chang-hu,HE Teng-bing.Environmental Characteristic of Karst in Guizhou and Forming of Rock Desertification[J].,2006,13(06):220.
[15]赵洋毅,周运超,段旭.黔中石灰岩喀斯特表层土壤结构性与土壤抗蚀抗冲性[J].水土保持研究,2008,15(02):18.
 ZHAO Yang-yi,ZHOU Yun-chao,DUAN Xu.Surface Soil Structure and Its Relationship with Soil Anti-erosion and Soil Anti-scour Under the Limestone Region of Karat Area in the Middle of Guizhou[J].,2008,15(06):18.
[16]李瑞,王霖娇,盛茂银,等.喀斯特石漠化演替中植物多样性及其与土壤理化性质的关系[J].水土保持研究,2016,23(05):111.
 LI Rui,WANG Linjiao,SHENG Maoyin,et al.Plant Species Diversity and Its Relationship with Soil Properties in Karst Rocky Desertification Succession[J].,2016,23(06):111.
[17]赵洋毅,段旭.滇东石漠化地区不同植被模式土壤渗透性研究[J].水土保持研究,2014,21(04):45.
 ZHAO Yang-yi,DU Xu.Study on Soil Infiltration Capability under Different Vegetation Models in Rocky-Desertification Areas of Karst in Eastern Part of Yunnan Province[J].,2014,21(06):45.
[18]陈起伟,熊康宁,周梅,等.关岭县不同等级石漠化区土壤侵蚀特征[J].水土保持研究,2018,25(05):24.
 CHEN Qiwei,XIONG Kangning,ZHOU Mei,et al.Characteristics of Soil and Water Loss in Different Rocky Desertification Areas in Guanling County[J].,2018,25(06):24.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-4-29
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划课题(2006BAC01A10)
作者简介:覃家科(1977- ),男(壮族),广西融安人,助理研究员,主要从事森林资源与环境监测工作。E-mail:jiek-qin@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01