[1]唐小明.有机肥的保水培肥效果及对冬小麦产量的影响[J].水土保持研究,2003,10(01):130-132.
 TANG Xiao-ming.Effects of Manure on Soil Water-Conversation and Fertilizer Betterment Winter Wheat Yield In Loess Plateau Dryland[J].,2003,10(01):130-132.
点击复制

有机肥的保水培肥效果及对冬小麦产量的影响()
分享到:

《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
10卷
期数:
2003年01期
页码:
130-132
栏目:
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effects of Manure on Soil Water-Conversation and Fertilizer Betterment Winter Wheat Yield In Loess Plateau Dryland
作者:
唐小明
甘肃省农业科学院旱地农业研究所, 甘肃兰州 730070
Author(s):
TANG Xiao-ming
Dryland Farming Institute of Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070 Gansu, China
关键词:
黄土高原有机肥保水培肥小麦产量
Keywords:
Loess Plateauorganic substancefertilizing soil effectwheat yield
分类号:
S274.1
摘要:
黄土高原连续3年的定位试验结果表明:旱地施用有机肥具有明显的培肥作用和蓄水保墒效果;平均每1hm2施有机肥112500kg,土壤有机质、全氮、速效氮、磷、钾含量试验后比试验前分别提高了36.4%、21.7%、49.7%、16.2%和44.2%,0~60cm土壤含水量比对照增加5.5mm;每1mm降水多生产小麦1.83kg,水分利用效率提高22%;小麦增产15.8%.施肥量与产量之间呈显着正相关。
Abstract:
Through a three year fixed field experiment, the results showed that applying manure had a significant fertilizing soil and water conversation effect;giving 112 500 kg/hm2 amount of manure, the contents of soil organic matter;total N, available N, available P and available K increased individually 36.4%, 21.7%, 49.7%, 16.2%, 44.2%, the water content of 0~60 cm soil layer increased 5.5 mm;1 mm rainfall could producemore 1.83 kg wheat and water use efficiency increased 22%;wheat yield increased by 15.8%.There is a prominent correlation between the applying amount and yield.

参考文献/References:

[1] 张保烈, 汪仁, 张士义, 等.辽西北干旱地区有机肥对玉米增产效果的研究[J].土壤肥料, 1992, (4):19-21.
[2] 李雪屏, 陈垣, 晋小军, 等.有机肥对提高旱作土壤水分利用率的效应[J].干旱地区农业研究, 1994, 12(2):12-15.

相似文献/References:

[1]白桦,穆兴民,王双银.水土保持措施对秃尾河径流的影响[J].水土保持研究,2010,17(01):40.
 BAI Hua,MU Xing-min,WANG Shuang-yin.Impact of Soil and Water Conservation on River Flow of Tuwei River[J].,2010,17(01):40.
[2]杨国安,徐勇,郭腾云.基于脆弱性和可持续生计视角的黄土高原生态环境治理研究[J].水土保持研究,2010,17(02):64.
 YANG Guo-an,XU Yong,GUO Teng-yun.Eco-environmental Construction on the Loess Plateau Based on the Perspective of the Vulnerability and Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches[J].,2010,17(01):64.
[3]肖培青,姚文艺,张海峰.黄土高原植被固土减蚀作用研究进展[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(06):282.
 XIAO Pei-qing,YAO Wen-yi,ZHANG Hai-feng.Research Progress of the Role of Vegetation in Soil Conservtion and Soil Erosion Reduction on the Loess Plateau[J].,2012,19(01):282.
[4]马芹,张晓萍,万龙,等.黄土高原河龙区间最大日雨量(PMP)极值拟合及时空演变特征[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(02):71.
 MA Qin,ZHANG Xiao-ping,WAN Long,et al.Fitting of the PMP Values and Identifying Its Spatiotemporal Characteristics in the Helong Section on the Loess Plateau[J].,2012,19(01):71.
[5]卓玛兰草,刘普幸,张亚宁,等.甘肃黄土高原区潜在蒸散量时空变化与成因研究[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(01):70.
 ZHUO Malancao,LIU Pu-xing,ZHANG Ya-ning,et al.Study on Temporal and Spatial Changes of the Potential Evapotranspiration and Its Impact Factors in Loess Plateau of Gansu Province[J].,2012,19(01):70.
[6]施宇,温仲明,龚时慧,等.黄土丘陵区植物功能性状沿气候梯度的变化规律[J].水土保持研究,2012,19(01):107.
 SHI Yu,WEN Zhong-ming,GONG Shi-hui,et al.Trait Variations along a Climatic Gradient in Hilly Area of Loess Plateau[J].,2012,19(01):107.
[7]穆兴民,陈国良,徐学选.黄土高原降水量与地理因素关系分析[J].水土保持研究,1992,(02):80.
 Mu Xingmin,Chen Guoliang,Xu Xuexuan.ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRECIPITATION AND GEOGRAPICAL FACTORS IN LOESS PLATEAU[J].,1992,(01):80.
[8]刘静.数字化地形模型(DTM)在水土保持中的应用[J].水土保持研究,1992,(02):96.
 Liu Jeng.ESTABLSHING AND APPLICATION OF DTM FOR SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION[J].,1992,(01):96.
[9]赵安成.陇东黄土高原沟壑区典型小流域治理模式剖析[J].水土保持研究,1994,1(01):45.
 Zhao Ancheng.Analysis of Control Models of Typical Small Watershedin Gully Area of Loess Plateau, the East Part of Gansu Province[J].,1994,1(01):45.
[10]吴钦孝,汪有科,韩冰,等.黄土高原水土流失区的林草资源和植被建设[J].水土保持研究,1994,1(03):2.
 Wu Qinxiao,Wang Youke,Han Bing,et al.Forest and Grassland Resources and Vegetation Construction in The Soil and Water Loss Region of The Loess Plateau[J].,1994,1(01):2.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2002-11-25
基金项目:国家科技攻关项目(2001BA508B18)
作者简介:唐小明(1962- ),男,湖南郴州人,主要从事旱地作物栽培与耕作研究工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01