[1]贾媛媛,郑粉莉.LISEM模型及其应用[J].水土保持研究,2004,11(04):91-93,120.
 JIA Yuan-yuan,ZHENG Fen-li.LISEM Model and Its Application[J].,2004,11(04):91-93,120.
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LISEM模型及其应用()
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《水土保持研究》[ISSN:1005-3409/CN:61-1272/P]

卷:
11卷
期数:
2004年04期
页码:
91-93,120
栏目:
出版日期:
1900-01-01

文章信息/Info

Title:
LISEM Model and Its Application
作者:
贾媛媛12 郑粉莉12
1. 中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室, 陕西杨陵 712100;
2. 西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所陕西杨陵, 陕西杨陵 712100
Author(s):
JIA Yuan-yuan12 ZHENG Fen-li12
1. The State Key Lab of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resource, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China;
2. Northwest Sci-tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China
关键词:
LISEM分布式物理过程GIS
Keywords:
LISEMdistributedphysical processGIS
分类号:
S157.1;TP79
摘要:
LISEM是第一个与GIS完全集成并直接利用遥感数据的土壤侵蚀预报模型,可用来计算流域内各点径流和侵蚀量。在简要介绍LISEM模型研发背景的基础上,系统剖析了该模型的基本理论框架,详细介绍了模型涉及的各种物理过程,并对模型运行所需输入的数据和运行输出的结果作了归纳。通过LISEM应用结果分析,认为只有采用空间分布式数据才能取得较好的预报结果。根据我国黄土高原侵蚀环境特点,采用一系列措施对LISEM修正后,可用于该区土壤侵蚀过程模拟。
Abstract:
LISEM model is the first example of a physically-based soil erosion prediction model that is completely incorporated in a Geographical Information System (GIS) and can use the data from remote sense directly. The model can be used to calculate flow discharge and sediment yield. Based on introducing LISEM development background, theoretical frameworks were analyzed. The physical processes were introduced in detail, and input and output of the model were summarized. It could be concluded from LISEM application that the better results can be obtained only by using spatial distributed data. Based on erosion environmental characters on the Loess Plateau, LISEM could be applied to simulate soil erosion process by being revised its parameters.

参考文献/References:

[1] De Roo A P J.The LISEM Project:An Introduction[J].Hydrological Processes, 1996, 10(8):1021-1025.
[2] Jetten V.LISEM:Limburg Soil Erosion Model Windows version 2.USER MANUAL[S].Utrecht University, 2002.
[3] De Roo A P J, Wesseling C G and Ritsema C J.LISEM:A single-event physically gased hydrological and soil erosion model for erainage basins.I:theory, Input and output[J].Hydrological Processes, 1996, 10(8):1107-1118.
[4] De Roo A P J, Offermans R J E, Cremers N H D T. LISEM: A single-event, physically based hydrological and soil erosion model for drainage basins.Ⅱ: Sensitivity analysis, validation and application[J]. Hydrological Processes, 1996, 10(8): 1119-1126.
[5] De Roo A P J, Wesseling C G, Cremers N H D T, et al.LISEM:a new physically-based hydrological and soil erosion model in a GIS-environment: Theory and implementation[C].IAHS Publication.Proceedings of the Canberra Conference.1994, 224:439-448.
[6] De Roo A P J and Jetten V G. Calibrating and validating the LISEM Model for two data sets from the Netherlands and South Africa[J]. Catena, 1999, 37:477-493.
[7] 杨勤科, 李锐.LISEM:一个基于GIS的流域土壤流失预报模型[J].水土保持通报, 1998, 18(3):82-89.
[8] Morgan R P C, Quinton J N, Smith R E, et al.The European Soil Erosion Model (EUROSEM):documentation and user guide, version3.6[Z].Silsoe College, Cranfield University, 1998.
[9] Takken I, Beuselinck L, Nachtergaele J, et al. Spatial evaluation of a physically based distributed erosion model (LISEM)[J]. Catena, 1999, 37:431-447.
[10] Hessel R, Jetten V, Liu B, et al.Calibration of the LISEM model for a small Loess Plateau catchment[J].Catena, 2003, 54:235-254.
[11] Hessel R. Modelling soil erosion in a small catchment on the Chinese Loess Plateau: applying LISEM to extreme conditions[D].the Netherlands:Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Utrencht University, 2002.
[12] 马修军, 谢昆青. GIS环境下流域降雨侵蚀动态模拟研究-以PCRaster系统和LISEM模型为例[J]. 环境科学进展, 1998, 7(5): 137-143.
[13] 傅伯杰, 邱扬, 王军, 等.黄土丘陵小流域土地利用变化对水土流失的影响[J]. 地理学报, 2002, 57(6): 717-722.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2004-7-10;改回日期:。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40335050);中国科学院知识创新重要方向项目(KZCX3-SW-422)
作者简介:贾媛媛(1979- ),女(汉族),河南人,硕士研究生,研究方向为土壤侵蚀过程与预报。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01